إعـــــــلان

تقليص
لا يوجد إعلان حتى الآن.

Construction Technology Fourth Edition

تقليص
X
 
  • تصفية - فلترة
  • الوقت
  • عرض
إلغاء تحديد الكل
مشاركات جديدة

  • [كتاب] Construction Technology Fourth Edition




    Conventional or traditional methods are studied in the first two years of most
    construction courses, with the intention of forming a sound knowledge base
    before proceeding to studies of advanced techniques in the final years.

    There is, nevertheless, an element of continuity and overlap between traditional and
    contemporary, and both are frequently deployed on the same building, e.g.
    traditional brick facing to a prefabricated steel-framed commercial building or
    to a factory-made timber-framed house.

    Initial studies of building construction concentrate on the smaller type of

    structure, such as a domestic dwelling of one or two storeys built by labour-
    intensive traditional methods. Generally it is more economic to construct this

    type of building by these methods, unless large numbers of similar units are
    required on the same site. In these circumstances, economies of scale may justify
    factory-manufactured, prefabricated elements of structure.

    These industrialised methods are usually a rationalised manufacturing process used to produce complete elements, i.e. floors, walls, roof frames, etc.

    In modules or standardised dimensional increments of 300 mm.
    Very few building contractors in the UK and other developed countries employ
    many staff directly.

    They are therefore relatively small companies when compared
    with the capital value of the work they undertake.

    This is partly due to the variable
    economic fortunes of the construction industry and the need for flexibility

    التحميل

    اضغط على الرابط في الاسفل

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xu8...Yfv78CDLm/view

    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=

    ملاحظة : تم اضافة مختصر الروابط لشرح طريقة التحميل تفضلو هنا

المواضيع ذات الصلة

تقليص

المواضيع إحصائيات آخر مشاركة
أنشئ بواسطة HaMooooDi, 09-15-2019, 12:03 AM
ردود 0
22 مشاهدات
0 معجبون
آخر مشاركة HaMooooDi
بواسطة HaMooooDi
 
أنشئ بواسطة HaMooooDi, 09-14-2019, 11:58 PM
ردود 0
25 مشاهدات
0 معجبون
آخر مشاركة HaMooooDi
بواسطة HaMooooDi
 
أنشئ بواسطة HaMooooDi, 09-14-2019, 11:51 PM
ردود 0
53 مشاهدات
0 معجبون
آخر مشاركة HaMooooDi
بواسطة HaMooooDi
 
أنشئ بواسطة HaMooooDi, 09-11-2019, 09:41 PM
ردود 0
11 مشاهدات
0 معجبون
آخر مشاركة HaMooooDi
بواسطة HaMooooDi
 
أنشئ بواسطة HeaD Master, 08-05-2019, 10:35 AM
ردود 0
32 مشاهدات
0 معجبون
آخر مشاركة HeaD Master
بواسطة HeaD Master
 
يعمل...
X