Factory Influncing layout

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    Factory Influncing layout

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    The layout should be conducive to health and safety of employees. It should ensure free and efficient flow of men and materials. Future expansion and diversification may also be considered while planning factory layout.

    Description:

    While deciding his factory or unit or establishment or store, a small-scale businessman should keep the following factors in mind:

    a) Factory building: The nature and size of the building determines the floor space available for layout. While designing the special requirements, e.g. air conditioning, dust control, humidity control etc. must be kept in mind.

    b) Nature of product: product layout is suitable for uniform products whereas process layout is more appropriate for custom-made products.

    c) Production process: In assembly line industries, product layout is better. In job order or intermittent manufacturing on the other hand, process layout is desirable.

    d) Type of machinery: General purpose machines are often arranged as per process layout while special purpose machines are arranged according to product layout

    e) Repairs and maintenance: machines should be so arranged that adequate space is available between them for movement of equipment and people required for repairing the machines.

    f) Human needs: Adequate arrangement should be made for cloakroom, washroom, lockers, drinking water, toilets and other employee facilities, proper provision should be made for disposal of effluents, if any.

    g) Plant environment: Heat, light, noise, ventilation and other aspects should be duly considered, e.g. paint shops and plating section should be located in another hall so that dangerous fumes can be removed through proper ventilation etc. Adequate safety arrangement should also be made.

    DYNAMICS OF PLANT LAYOUT:

    Plant layout is a dynamic rather than a static concept meaning thereby if once done it is not permanent in nature rather improvement or revision in the existing plant layout must be made by keeping a track with development of new machines or equipment, improvements in manufacturing process, changes in materials handling devices etc. But, any revision in layout must be made only when the savings resulting from revision exceed the costs involved in such revision.

    Revision in plant layout may become necessary on account of the following reasons:

    a) Increase in the output of the existing product


    b) Introduction of a new product and diversification


    c) Technological advancements in machinery, material, processes, product design, fuel etc.


    d) Deficiencies in the layout unnoticed by the layout engineer in the beginning.
    التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة HaMooooDi; الساعة 03-31-2020, 02:08 AM.

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